The breakdown of joint families and the shift towards nuclear families has left many elderly without familial care. Some families may have no choice but to seek external help. Many resort to elderly neglect, abuse, and abandonment. With an ever-increasing elderly population, the importance of old age homes is more relevant than ever today.

What is an old age home?

An old age home, also called a retirement home, is a residential facility with nursing and assisted living facilities designed for older adults. They receive the necessary assistance and care, from meals, housekeeping, medical care, and recreational activities to maintain their quality of life. The purpose of old age home is to provide safe and secure haven for those with nowhere else to go and no one to support them.

While some older adults move into an old age home voluntarily, others may have no other options due to financial, social, or health-related circumstances. Old age homes can be either privately owned or operated by the government or non-profit organizations.

importance of old age home

What are the aims and objectives of old age homes?

Challenges of aging make it difficult for people to live independently. Some older adults experience physical and cognitive decline with limited support from families or the community. Others may face health and financial constraints to maintain a quality life. Old-age homes thus emerge as an option for older adults who require additional support and care. In light of the importance of old age homes, let's explore their aims and objectives:

  • To provide a secure and comfortable living space for the elderly, ensuring their physical and emotional well-being
  • To promote a sense of independence and autonomy by assisting  with daily activities such as bathing, grooming, and medication management
  • To provide medical care and nursing support for those with chronic illnesses or disabilities
  • To offer recreational activities, social events, and companionship to prevent social isolation and promote mental health
  • To help the elderly learn new skills and guide them towards success in their fields of endeavour, instilling  a sense of self-confidence and self-reliance
  • To create an environment that fosters respect and dignity for the elderly, treating them with the care and compassion they deserve
  • To implement policies and welfare programmes in favour of senior citizens, as may be specified or approved by the government

In summary, the primary goal of an old age home is to provide a supportive and caring environment for the elderly, ensuring their physical, mental, and emotional well-being.

What is the importance of the elderly in the society?

  • Elderly are a reservoir of skills and accumulated experiences--the most precious national asset. As long as they maintain their health and well-being, their expertise and time should be harnessed in the national development. As the saying goes,“…the gray hair of experience is the splendor of the old,” let’s see how to make the best use of their skills, knowledge and experience.
  • They can play a significant role in volunteering in various sectors such as education, environment, ecology, health, disaster mitigation and management, and social welfare
  • As repository of past culture and heritage, they can impart value-based education to the younger generation, who are increasingly exposed to ill-effects of modernization and immoral activities
  • Elderly possessing traditional crafts and skills can volunteer to start workshops to pass on their knowledge and keep dying art forms alive

In Indian culture, elderly have been traditionally revered as a source of wisdom, experience, and guidance. They can be the torchbearers for preservation of Indian traditions and culture, passing down their knowledge and customs to younger generations. Let's recognize their worth and provide them with the care and support they deserve in their later years.

What is the importance of old-age homes in India?  

old age importance

Old age homes have become an increasingly relevant aspect of the evolving Indian society due to various factors.

Urbanization: The onset of modernization, urbanization, and advancements in medical science have led to an increase in life expectancy. Moreover, the younger generations are migrating more frequently, leading to a shift in family dynamics. As a result, the importance of old age homes are becoming more prominent as they offer a comfortable and secure living space for seniors while providing companionship, care and independence.

Supporting the underprivileged: India’s elderly population is projected to reach 340 million by 2050 from 138 million in 2021. Many of these elderly have limited family support and face financial insecurity, social isolation, and health problems. In some of the worst case scenarios, they are subject to physical abuse and abandon, not to mention the psychological upheaval. The importance of old age homes in India cannot be overstated as they provide the basic amenities and support to a vulnerable population.

Cost factor: The rise in chronic diseases and expensive medical treatments has further strengthened the need for old age homes in India. The cost of treatment for chronic illnesses can be prohibitively expensive for many families, making the option of an old age home a more feasible alternative.

According to the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment 2019 report, there were around 728 old age homes in India. This number is only expected to grow significantly in the coming years.

What are the activities of old age homes?

Old age homes do provide shelter and healthcare support to the elderly, but it’s the activities that help them cope with the vagaries of old age. Various activities that improve the functioning of their brains and emotional health are as follows:

Recreational activities: Activities like indoor games, gardening, singing, dancing, movies, etc. keep the residents engaged and entertained. Such activities help break the monotony of life and build camaraderie among fellow residents.

Skill-building and community development activities: Many old age homes organize workshops and classes where seniors can learn new skills such as knitting, painting, and cooking. This not only helps them stay engaged but also fosters a sense of community and belonging. Community development activities such as tree-planting drives and cleanliness campaigns help seniors stay active and connected to their surroundings.

Exercise and fitness programs: Regular exercise and fitness programs are organized to keep the residents physically active and healthy. This includes yoga, meditation, and other forms of exercise to enable them to lead a quality lifestyle.

Socialization opportunities: Old age homes encourage socialization among the residents to prevent loneliness and isolation. This includes group activities, celebrations, outings, and specific religious or spiritual sessions enabling them to lead a quality lifestyle.

Overall, the importance of old age homes lies in providing not just basic amenities to the elderly but also helping them lead gleeful life.

Advantages of Old Age Homes

Old age homes have often been seen as a last resort for the elderly who do not have anyone to care for them. However, the importance of old age homes in providing a supportive and caring environment cannot be debated. Following are the several advantages:

Safety and Security: Older people are often vulnerable to crimes and abuse. With a secured roof over their heads, old age homes protect seniors from physical harm and crime.

Access to healthcare: As people age, their healthcare needs become more complex. Old age homes ensure that the residents receive the medical attention they need. This includes personal care, specialized attention for chronic ailments, emergency care, ambulances, periodic medical check-up camps, etc.

Companionship: Old age homes often organize events and celebrations that make residents feel like being part of a wider community. This can help seniors feel a sense of belonging and purpose. This can be especially important for those who may feel like they are no longer contributing to society in meaningful ways.

Mental and Physical Health: Socialization is crucial to the emotional and mental well-being of older people. Old age homes provide many opportunities for socialization, such as group activities, exercise programs, outings, and celebrations. Mental and physical well-being reduce the risk of depression, anxiety, and other health problems.

Ease of financial burdens: Old age homes provide affordable housing and access to medical care, easing financial burdens. Some old age homes offer opportunities for residents to participate in activities that can generate income, such as handicrafts, gardening, and cooking. These activities not only provide a source of income but also help the elderly feel productive and useful.

Challenges of Old Age Homes

Despite the growing importance of old age homes in India, they are not without their challenges. Many of these homes are in a dilapidated condition --- not equipped to provide adequate care and support to the elderly. Moreover, the stigma associated with living in an old age home is a significant barrier for many elderly who may be reluctant to leave their homes and families.

Furthermore, chronic diseases are on the rise. Many old age homes lack infrastructure and expertise in providing adequate medical care to elderly residents. The ones with better services can be out of reach for many. Also, living in an old age home is not equivalent to living in one’s own home, leading to psychological distress.

The Indian government has taken several measures to promote the welfare of the elderly, including the National Policy on Older Persons 1999 and the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act 2007. However, without stringent regulation and oversight, the proper functioning of old age homes becomes a challenge. Reports of abuse, neglect, and poor living conditions in some old age homes have highlighted the need for greater scrutiny and regulation by the authorities.

What is the greatest need of the elderly?

Ageing is not a homogeneous phenomenon, and each elderly have different needs. However, there is one need that is universal and touches the emotional chords of every elderly the need for companionship and love.

The greatest need of the elderly is to feel valued, loved and appreciated. Advancement in age often finds themselves grappling with “Empty Nest Syndrome,” left behind by their loved ones and society. Also, the physical and emotional challenges of ageing leave them feeling isolated and lonely. The greatest gift we can give them is our time, attention, and affection so they can continue to engage in meaningful activities and maintain social connections.

What are the basic needs of older people?

The basic needs of the elderly are similar to those of younger individuals, but with some variations that reflect the aging process. As people age, their physical, emotional, and social needs change. Addressing their basic needs requires a multifaceted approach that includes physical, emotional, and social support and opportunities to participate in the wider community.

The basic needs of older people include:

Quality and affordable healthcare: Access to quality healthcare comprises regular check-ups, access to medication, and medical procedures when necessary. It is a concern as the cost of medical treatment can be exorbitant for many.

Adequate nutrition: As people age, their nutritional requirements change. They may need varying amounts of certain nutrients like calcium, vitamin, and protein to maintain their health and well-being.

Personal Security and Safety: Older people are often more vulnerable to physical harm, abuse, neglect, and crimes. Providing them with a safe and secure environment is crucial for their well-being.

Emotional and social support: Emotional support from family members, friends, and caregivers is important to help them cope with the challenges of isolation and depression.

Mobility and transportation: Many elderly have mobility issues or live in remote areas that can limit their ability to move around and access services. Provision of transportation options or assistance can help them remain active and engaged.

Financial Security: Financial security is of utmost importance as it impacts all other aspects of their lives. It provides them with a sense of stability and self-reliance. Without adequate financial resources, older people may struggle to meet their basic needs. Ensuring their financial security through senior-friendly tax structures, health insurance plans, etc. should be a top priority for policymakers.

Old age homes in Delhi/NCR:

Finding the right old age home for your loved ones can be a daunting task. But with a variety of options available, it's possible to find a comfortable and supportive environment that caters to their specific needs.

List of old age homes in New Delhi



Address / Website


Sandhya, Home For Senior Citizen

H5FM+R4C, Shaheed Sudhir Tyagi Marg, Block G, Netaji Nagar, Delhi 110023


Archon Care Home


Aashirwaad Old Age Home




Aaradhna, Senior Citizen Home for Ladies

Bhagwan Das Lane, Connaught Place, Delhi - 110001


Silver Lining Old Age Home


Vardaan Senior Citizen Center


Second Inning Home


Blissful Old Age Home Foundation

KH No. 15, 6, PLOT No. 03, Kamaruddin Nagar Extension, Nangloi, Delhi 110041


Sai Sahara Old age home


Shiv Ashray Senior Citizen and Old Age Home

Plot no 49, Near Japanese park gate no.1, sec 9, rohini, Delhi, 110085

List of old age homes in Gurgaon



Address / Website


Epoch elder care


Archon Care Home


Kriti elder care and home care


Nema Eldercare


Samarth community for senior citizens


Antara Care Homes


Aurum Assisted Living


Tau Devi Lal Old Age Home

Near Jiwan Jyoti School, Urban Estate, Sector 4, Gurugram, HR 122001


Happy Home-Retirement Home

Phase -2, T 184/103, New Palam Vihar, Block T, Sector 109, Gurugram, Haryana 122017

List of old age homes in Noida



Address / Website


Anand Niketan Vridh Sewa Ashram: Jan Kalyan Trust


Manop Foundation


Antara Noida


Gauri Senior Living

A-6, Sector 50 Block A Rd, A Block, Sector 50, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201301


Tapasya Oldage Home

SD-12, Society, near PRATEEK STYLOME, Sadarpur, Sector-45, Noida, UP 201303


Aangan Elderly Home

C-200, Block C, Sector 105, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201304



Plot No. 2, Sector – 37, Institutional Area (behind community centre) NOIDA, Uttar Pradesh – 201303

About SenOcare

As a leading name in elder care services at home, we understand that nothing is more important than the health and happiness of your loved ones. That's why we strive to provide the best possible care and support to help them age with dignity and grace. Call us at +91 8800 700 100 or email us at [email protected] for more details on our customized eldercare plans.



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